|When there is the claim that some object or idea has a purpose or necessary end point in the absence of evidence for that end point.||Why would God have given us noses if he hadn’t planned that we should wear glasses?|
|Only after the existence of an end point has been evidentially established can it serve as a foundation for other dependent concepts.|
Case Study One
According to Bertrand Russell, it was once claimed that rabbits were created with white tails so they would be easy for hunters to shoot.
Case Study Two
Evolution is often misunderstood as teleological as evidenced by suggestions that humans represent the apex of development. Evolution might be better understood as the genetic movement of a species to better align its genetic composition and related behaviors to the environmental context, rather than striving towards some genetic goal independent of an environmental context.
Case Study Three
One creationist infamously created a video purporting that the hand-shaped banana was evidence of a designer thinking ahead to when humans would grasp bananas. The fact is that modern bananas have been bred by agriculturists to have the shape they do.
Keep in mind that a fallacious argument does not entail an erroneous position.