Witness chain:

Definition Example
When a witness attempts to bolster their own testimony by claiming, with no independent substantiation, that there were other witnesses. I saw a ghost 5 years ago, and my uncle who died last year told me he also saw it!
If an alleged witness to an alleged event claims that there are inaccessible additional witnesses to that alleged event, that claim constitutes no evidential weight for the truth of the alleged event.

Case Study One

”I have personally witnessed irrefutable miracle healings (i.e. stunted limbs growing out to full length spontaneously in a matter of seconds,) in response to prayer in the name of Jesus. I would guess there were close to 40 witnesses to this miracle healing, many of whom, including myself, were standing only 2 or 3 feet away from the man who was healed; some of whom I still know by first and/or last name.”


Case Study Two

After that, he [Jesus, after his alleged resurrection] appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep.
1 Corinthians 15:6

These 500 witnesses are often invoked by Christians as additional evidence for the resurrection.

Keep in mind that a fallacious argument does not entail an erroneous position.

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