Division fallacy:

Conceptual Fallacy
Definition Example
When one claims that something true of an entire thing must also be true of all or some of its parts. Because a brain possesses thoughts, and a brain is composed of neurons, therefore these neurons pass thoughts back and forth.
Also known as: distribution fallacy
  Notes
This is the converse of the composition fallacy.

Case Study One

Were someone to argue “Canada’s GDP is 10% of the GDP of the U.S., so the average Canadian makes only 10% of what the average American makes”, they would be committing the division fallacy.


Case Study Two

If you were to suggest that, because 50% of Japanese believe in ghosts, the average Japanese is only half-certain that ghosts exist, you would be committing the division fallacy.


Keep in mind that a fallacious argument does not entail an erroneous position.


Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: